Resources

Official
aap.org
cdc.gov
who.int

Activism
doctorsopposingcircumcision.org
intactamerica.org

Support For Phimosis
willywellbeing.com

phimosisjourney.com

tightforeskin.org

Media
circumcisionmovie.com


Glossary

Carcinogen(s)

A substance(s) capable of causing cancer in living tissue

Desiccated

Having had all moisture removed; dried out

Etiology

The cause (or set of causes) of a disease or condition

Foreskin (Prepuce)

Double-layered fold of skin and soft muscle tissue on the distal end of the penis that envelops the glans and meatus

Frenulum

Elastic band of tissue that tethers foreskin to the underside of glans up to the meatus

Glans

Cone-shaped tip of the penis (known as “penis head”)

Keratin

Protein that makes up skin scales

Meatal Stenosis

Narrowing of the meatus, a condition that only affects circumcised men

Meatus

Urethra opening (labia-like slit) on the tip of the glans

Mucocutaneous Junction
Region of the body in which mucosa transitions to skin

Mucosa / Mucous Membrane

Layer of epithelial cells that secrete mucus

Necrosis

Death of body tissue when too little blood flows to the tissue. This can be caused by injury, radiation, or chemicals.

Neonatal

Relating to, or affecting the newborn, specifically the first month after birth

Oedematous
Referring to a tissue with an excess of interstitial fluid; fluid-filled

Overdiagnosis

Diagnosis of a medical condition that would never have caused any symptoms or problems

Pathologies

Anatomic or functional manifestations of a disease

Physiological

Characteristic of/or appropriate to an organism’s healthy or normal functioning

Phimosis

Phathological condition that results in scarring of the preputial ring preventing retraction past the glans

Preputial

Referring to the prepuce (foreskin)

Prophylactic

Intended to prevent disease

Shaft

Body of the penis

Synechia
Adhesion of parts of the body

Smegma

Build up of desquamated epithelial cells and sebaceous matter that collects between the glans and the foreskin

Vestigial

(Organ or body part) degenerate, rudimentary, or atrophied, having become functionless in the course of evolution


Abbreviations

AD

Anno Domini, year of Lord Jesus Christ

AAP

American Association of Pediatrics

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CPS

Canadian Paediatric Society

D.O.C.

Doctors Opposing Circumcision

ED

Erectile dysfunction

FMG

Female genital mutilation

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

JAMA

The Journal of the American Medical Association

MC

Male circumcision

NHS

National Health Service (UK)

STD

Sexual transmitted disease (also referred as illness)

WHO

World Health Organization